Do you worry about pigmentation? You’re not alone. Pigmentation affects people from all races and ages.
Your skin is the largest organ of your body and it is split into two layers: the upper epidermis and the lower dermis. The epidermis and dermis are further split into other layers. The lower layer of the epidermis, known as the basal layer, contains melanosomes. Melanosomes contain melanocyte cells which produce a pigment called melanin. The colour of your skin depends mainly on melanin levels.
There are two types of pigmentation: hypopigmentation, a condition where patches of skin become lighter in colour compared to surrounding skin due to a depletion of melanin or melanocyte levels, and hyperpigmentation, a condition where patches of the skin become darker. This occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin. Both hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation are quite common and usually harmless.
Pigmentation can be caused by many contributing factors including genetics, sun exposure, stress, hormonal imbalances due to pregnancy and birth control pills, menopause, insulin resistance, overly aggressive skin care treatments and even frequent use of hair dyes.
Even though pigmentation is a very common skin condition it can cause many to feel conscious about their self-appearance. Many accept the brown patches of pigmentation as a sign of getting older but it can occur in youngsters too, who can be just as easily affected. Over exposure to sun rays and a daily onslaught of environmental factors all contribute to damaging skin, cell walls and connective tissue, making skin appear dull and increasing the deposition of pigment within the skin.
There are a number of different types of pigmentation:
One of the best ways to prevent pigmentation is to apply sunscreen to block both UVA and UVB light. Our Thiospot range includes a sunscreen as well as the ingredients necessary to help in reducing pigmentation. SkinMed’s Thiospot intensive lightening cream is particularly suitable for treating larger areas. We also offer the Thiospot Skin Roller, a concentrated lotion which is highly effective at rapidly reducing the intensity of smaller skin spots.
- Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin deposition in either the epidermis or dermis
- Melasma is an uneven production of pigmentation on the face and presents itself as dark brown skin patches. Sun exposure would be the primary cause of this, but additional factors include medicinal side-effects and hormonal imbalances caused by a state of pregnancy or menopause
- Peri-orbital melanosis, more commonly referred to as ‘dark circles’. This may be hereditary or caused by stress or eye-strain
- Freckles are most visible on people who have a light complexion. They are genetic but sun damage can cause excessive and uneven freckles
- Photo-melanosis is increased pigmentation due to sun exposure on bare skin, most commonly found on the face, neck, back and arms. This pigmentation is likely to be patchy or diffused.
Some of the most effective ingredients to fight pigmentation are salicylic acid, chamomile extract and glycolic acid. They help to brighten the skin, whilst simultaneously exfoliating and smoothing its texture. Exfoliating, it is worth mentioning, is really important because the skin cycle gets slower with ageing, and cells pile up on the surface of the epidermis. Buffing away dead cells aids to speed the renewal process, consequently helping you to get rid of the unwanted spots.
With so many options on the market, it can be hard to know which to rely upon. But our Thiospot range can really help with pigmentation. Not only will they help you to fight uneven skin tone, this range will also nurture, soothe and revitalise your skin.
As part of our Halloween offers, we are now offering Thiospot skin rollers free with all orders over £25, to take advantage of this, enter the code SPOOKYOFFER in the checkout of our shop or order over the phone by calling one of our skin advisors on 0333 247 247 4.